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nsUTF8Utils.h

/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* ***** BEGIN LICENSE BLOCK *****
 * Version: MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License Version
 * 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License
 * for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the
 * License.
 *
 * The Original Code is mozilla.org code.
 *
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
 * Netscape Communications Corporation.
 * Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 2001
 * the Initial Developer. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Contributor(s):
 *   Peter Annema <jaggernaut@netscape.com> (original author)
 *
 * Alternatively, the contents of this file may be used under the terms of
 * either of the GNU General Public License Version 2 or later (the "GPL"),
 * or the GNU Lesser General Public License Version 2.1 or later (the "LGPL"),
 * in which case the provisions of the GPL or the LGPL are applicable instead
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 * the provisions above, a recipient may use your version of this file under
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 * ***** END LICENSE BLOCK ***** */

#ifndef nsUTF8Utils_h_
#define nsUTF8Utils_h_

class UTF8traits
  {
    public:
      static PRBool isASCII(char c) { return (c & 0x80) == 0x00; }
      static PRBool isInSeq(char c) { return (c & 0xC0) == 0x80; }
      static PRBool is2byte(char c) { return (c & 0xE0) == 0xC0; }
      static PRBool is3byte(char c) { return (c & 0xF0) == 0xE0; }
      static PRBool is4byte(char c) { return (c & 0xF8) == 0xF0; }
      static PRBool is5byte(char c) { return (c & 0xFC) == 0xF8; }
      static PRBool is6byte(char c) { return (c & 0xFE) == 0xFC; }
  };

#define PLANE1_BASE           0x00010000  
#define UCS2_REPLACEMENT_CHAR 0xfffd     

#ifdef __GNUC__
#define NS_ALWAYS_INLINE __attribute__((always_inline))
#else
#define NS_ALWAYS_INLINE
#endif

/**
 * A character sink (see |copy_string| in nsAlgorithm.h) for converting
 * UTF-8 to UTF-16
 */
00067 class ConvertUTF8toUTF16
  {
    public:
      typedef nsACString::char_type value_type;
      typedef nsAString::char_type  buffer_type;

    ConvertUTF8toUTF16( buffer_type* aBuffer )
        : mStart(aBuffer), mBuffer(aBuffer), mErrorEncountered(PR_FALSE) {}

    size_t Length() const { return mBuffer - mStart; }

    PRUint32 NS_ALWAYS_INLINE write( const value_type* start, PRUint32 N )
      {
        if ( mErrorEncountered )
          return N;

        // algorithm assumes utf8 units won't
        // be spread across fragments
        const value_type* p = start;
        const value_type* end = start + N;
        buffer_type* out = mBuffer;
        for ( ; p != end /* && *p */; )
          {
            char c = *p++;

            if ( UTF8traits::isASCII(c) )
              {
                *out++ = buffer_type(c);
                continue;
              }

            PRUint32 ucs4;
            PRUint32 minUcs4;
            PRInt32 state = 0;

            if ( UTF8traits::is2byte(c) )
              {
                ucs4 = (PRUint32(c) << 6) & 0x000007C0L;
                state = 1;
                minUcs4 = 0x00000080;
              }
            else if ( UTF8traits::is3byte(c) )
              {
                ucs4 = (PRUint32(c) << 12) & 0x0000F000L;
                state = 2;
                minUcs4 = 0x00000800;
              }
            else if ( UTF8traits::is4byte(c) )
              {
                ucs4 = (PRUint32(c) << 18) & 0x001F0000L;
                state = 3;
                minUcs4 = 0x00010000;
              }
            else if ( UTF8traits::is5byte(c) )
              {
                ucs4 = (PRUint32(c) << 24) & 0x03000000L;
                state = 4;
                minUcs4 = 0x00200000;
              }
            else if ( UTF8traits::is6byte(c) )
              {
                ucs4 = (PRUint32(c) << 30) & 0x40000000L;
                state = 5;
                minUcs4 = 0x04000000;
              }
            else
              {
                NS_ERROR("Not a UTF-8 string. This code should only be used for converting from known UTF-8 strings.");
                mErrorEncountered = PR_TRUE;
                mBuffer = out;
                return N;
              }

            while ( state-- )
              {
                c = *p++;

                if ( UTF8traits::isInSeq(c) )
                  {
                    PRInt32 shift = state * 6;
                    ucs4 |= (PRUint32(c) & 0x3F) << shift;
                  }
                else
                  {
                    NS_ERROR("not a UTF8 string");
                    mErrorEncountered = PR_TRUE;
                    mBuffer = out;
                    return N;
                  }
              }

            if ( ucs4 < minUcs4 )
              {
                // Overlong sequence
                *out++ = UCS2_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
              }
            else if ( ucs4 <= 0xD7FF )
              {
                *out++ = ucs4;
              }
            else if ( /* ucs4 >= 0xD800 && */ ucs4 <= 0xDFFF )
              {
                // Surrogates
                *out++ = UCS2_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
              }
            else if ( ucs4 == 0xFFFE || ucs4 == 0xFFFF )
              {
                // Prohibited characters
                *out++ = UCS2_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
              }
            else if ( ucs4 >= PLANE1_BASE )
              {
                if ( ucs4 >= 0x00110000 )
                  *out++ = UCS2_REPLACEMENT_CHAR;
                else {
                  // surrogate, see unicode specification 3.7 for following math.
                  ucs4 -= PLANE1_BASE;
                  *out++ = (PRUnichar)(ucs4 >> 10) | 0xd800u;
                  *out++ = (PRUnichar)(ucs4 & 0x3ff) | 0xdc00u;
                }
              }
            else
              {
                *out++ = ucs4;
              }
          }
        mBuffer = out;
        return p - start;
      }

    void write_terminator()
      {
        *mBuffer = buffer_type(0);
      }

    private:
      buffer_type* const mStart;
      buffer_type* mBuffer;
      PRBool mErrorEncountered;
  };

/**
 * A character sink (see |copy_string| in nsAlgorithm.h) for computing
 * the length of the UTF-16 string equivalent to a UTF-8 string.
 */
00212 class CalculateUTF8Length
  {
    public:
      typedef nsACString::char_type value_type;

    CalculateUTF8Length() : mLength(0), mErrorEncountered(PR_FALSE) { }

    size_t Length() const { return mLength; }

    PRUint32 NS_ALWAYS_INLINE write( const value_type* start, PRUint32 N )
      {
          // ignore any further requests
        if ( mErrorEncountered )
            return N;

        // algorithm assumes utf8 units won't
        // be spread across fragments
        const value_type* p = start;
        const value_type* end = start + N;
        for ( ; p < end /* && *p */; ++mLength )
          {
            if ( UTF8traits::isASCII(*p) )
                p += 1;
            else if ( UTF8traits::is2byte(*p) )
                p += 2;
            else if ( UTF8traits::is3byte(*p) )
                p += 3;
            else if ( UTF8traits::is4byte(*p) ) {
                p += 4;
                // Because a UTF-8 sequence of 4 bytes represents a codepoint
                // greater than 0xFFFF, it will become a surrogate pair in the
                // UTF-16 string, so add 1 more to mLength.
                // This doesn't happen with is5byte and is6byte because they
                // are illegal UTF-8 sequences (greater than 0x10FFFF) so get
                // converted to a single replacement character.
                //
                // XXX: if the 4-byte sequence is an illegal non-shortest form,
                //      it also gets converted to a replacement character, so
                //      mLength will be off by one in this case.
                ++mLength;
            }
            else if ( UTF8traits::is5byte(*p) )
                p += 5;
            else if ( UTF8traits::is6byte(*p) )
                p += 6;
            else
              {
                break;
              }
          }
        if ( p != end )
          {
            NS_ERROR("Not a UTF-8 string. This code should only be used for converting from known UTF-8 strings.");
            mErrorEncountered = PR_TRUE;
            return N;
          }
        return p - start;
      }

    private:
      size_t mLength;
      PRBool mErrorEncountered;
  };

/**
 * A character sink (see |copy_string| in nsAlgorithm.h) for converting
 * UTF-16 to UTF-8.
 */
00280 class ConvertUTF16toUTF8
  {
    public:
      typedef nsAString::char_type  value_type;
      typedef nsACString::char_type buffer_type;

    // The error handling here is more lenient than that in
    // |ConvertUTF8toUTF16|, but it's that way for backwards
    // compatibility.

    ConvertUTF16toUTF8( buffer_type* aBuffer )
        : mStart(aBuffer), mBuffer(aBuffer) {}

    size_t Size() const { return mBuffer - mStart; }

    PRUint32 NS_ALWAYS_INLINE write( const value_type* start, PRUint32 N )
      {
        buffer_type *out = mBuffer; // gcc isn't smart enough to do this!

        for (const value_type *p = start, *end = start + N; p < end; ++p )
          {
            value_type c = *p;
            if (! (c & 0xFF80)) // U+0000 - U+007F
              {
                *out++ = (char)c;
              }
            else if (! (c & 0xF800)) // U+0100 - U+07FF
              {
                *out++ = 0xC0 | (char)(c >> 6);
                *out++ = 0x80 | (char)(0x003F & c);
              }
            else if (0xD800 != (0xF800 & c)) // U+0800 - U+D7FF,U+E000 - U+FFFF
              {
                *out++ = 0xE0 | (char)(c >> 12);
                *out++ = 0x80 | (char)(0x003F & (c >> 6));
                *out++ = 0x80 | (char)(0x003F & c );
              }
            else if (0xD800 == (0xFC00 & c)) // U+D800 - U+DBFF
              {
                // D800- DBFF - High Surrogate
                // N = (H- D800) *400 + 10000 + ...
                PRUint32 ucs4 = 0x10000 + ((0x03FF & c) << 10);

                ++p;
                if (p == end)
                  {
                    NS_ERROR("Surrogate pair split between fragments");
                    mBuffer = out;
                    return N;
                  }
                c = *p;

                if (0xDC00 == (0xFC00 & c))
                  {
                    // DC00- DFFF - Low Surrogate
                    // N += ( L - DC00 )
                    ucs4 |= (0x03FF & c);

                    // 0001 0000-001F FFFF
                    *out++ = 0xF0 | (char)(ucs4 >> 18);
                    *out++ = 0x80 | (char)(0x003F & (ucs4 >> 12));
                    *out++ = 0x80 | (char)(0x003F & (ucs4 >> 6));
                    *out++ = 0x80 | (char)(0x003F & ucs4);
                  }
                else
                  {
                    NS_ERROR("got a High Surrogate but no low surrogate");
                    // output nothing.
                  }
              }
            else // U+DC00 - U+DFFF
              {
                // DC00- DFFF - Low Surrogate
                NS_ERROR("got a low Surrogate but no high surrogate");
                // output nothing.
              }
          }

        mBuffer = out;
        return N;
      }

    void write_terminator()
      {
        *mBuffer = buffer_type(0);
      }

    private:
      buffer_type* const mStart;
      buffer_type* mBuffer;
  };

/**
 * A character sink (see |copy_string| in nsAlgorithm.h) for computing
 * the number of bytes a UTF-16 would occupy in UTF-8.
 */
00376 class CalculateUTF8Size
  {
    public:
      typedef nsAString::char_type value_type;

    CalculateUTF8Size()
      : mSize(0) { }

    size_t Size() const { return mSize; }

    PRUint32 NS_ALWAYS_INLINE write( const value_type* start, PRUint32 N )
      {
        // Assume UCS2 surrogate pairs won't be spread across fragments.
        for (const value_type *p = start, *end = start + N; p < end; ++p )
          {
            value_type c = *p;
            if (! (c & 0xFF80)) // U+0000 - U+007F
              mSize += 1;
            else if (! (c & 0xF800)) // U+0100 - U+07FF
              mSize += 2;
            else if (0xD800 != (0xF800 & c)) // U+0800 - U+D7FF,U+E000 - U+FFFF
              mSize += 3;
            else if (0xD800 == (0xFC00 & c)) // U+D800 - U+DBFF
              {
                ++p;
                if (p == end)
                  {
                    NS_ERROR("Surrogate pair split between fragments");
                    return N;
                  }
                c = *p;

                if (0xDC00 == (0xFC00 & c))
                  mSize += 4;
                else
                  NS_ERROR("got a high Surrogate but no low surrogate");
              }
            else // U+DC00 - U+DFFF
              NS_ERROR("got a low Surrogate but no high surrogate");
          }

        return N;
      }

    private:
      size_t mSize;
  };

/**
 * A character sink that performs a |reinterpret_cast| style conversion
 * between character types.
 */
template <class FromCharT, class ToCharT>
00429 class LossyConvertEncoding
  {
    public:
      typedef FromCharT value_type;
 
      typedef FromCharT input_type;
      typedef ToCharT   output_type;

      typedef typename nsCharTraits<FromCharT>::unsigned_char_type unsigned_input_type;

    public:
      LossyConvertEncoding( output_type* aDestination ) : mDestination(aDestination) { }

      PRUint32
      write( const input_type* aSource, PRUint32 aSourceLength )
        {
          const input_type* done_writing = aSource + aSourceLength;
          while ( aSource < done_writing )
            *mDestination++ = (output_type)(unsigned_input_type)(*aSource++);  // use old-style cast to mimic old |ns[C]String| behavior
          return aSourceLength;
        }

      void
      write_terminator()
        {
          *mDestination = output_type(0);
        }

    private:
      output_type* mDestination;
  };

#endif /* !defined(nsUTF8Utils_h_) */

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