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jsnum.c

/* -*- Mode: C; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*-
 *
 * ***** BEGIN LICENSE BLOCK *****
 * Version: MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License Version
 * 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License
 * for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the
 * License.
 *
 * The Original Code is Mozilla Communicator client code, released
 * March 31, 1998.
 *
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
 * Netscape Communications Corporation.
 * Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 1998
 * the Initial Developer. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Contributor(s):
 *   IBM Corp.
 *
 * Alternatively, the contents of this file may be used under the terms of
 * either of the GNU General Public License Version 2 or later (the "GPL"),
 * or the GNU Lesser General Public License Version 2.1 or later (the "LGPL"),
 * in which case the provisions of the GPL or the LGPL are applicable instead
 * of those above. If you wish to allow use of your version of this file only
 * under the terms of either the GPL or the LGPL, and not to allow others to
 * use your version of this file under the terms of the MPL, indicate your
 * decision by deleting the provisions above and replace them with the notice
 * and other provisions required by the GPL or the LGPL. If you do not delete
 * the provisions above, a recipient may use your version of this file under
 * the terms of any one of the MPL, the GPL or the LGPL.
 *
 * ***** END LICENSE BLOCK ***** */

/*
 * JS number type and wrapper class.
 */
#include "jsstddef.h"
#if defined(XP_WIN) || defined(XP_OS2)
#include <float.h>
#endif
#include <locale.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "jstypes.h"
#include "jsutil.h" /* Added by JSIFY */
#include "jsapi.h"
#include "jsatom.h"
#include "jscntxt.h"
#include "jsconfig.h"
#include "jsdtoa.h"
#include "jsgc.h"
#include "jsinterp.h"
#include "jsnum.h"
#include "jsobj.h"
#include "jsopcode.h"
#include "jsprf.h"
#include "jsstr.h"

static JSBool
num_isNaN(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc, jsval *argv, jsval *rval)
{
    jsdouble x;

    if (!js_ValueToNumber(cx, argv[0], &x))
        return JS_FALSE;
    *rval = BOOLEAN_TO_JSVAL(JSDOUBLE_IS_NaN(x));
    return JS_TRUE;
}

static JSBool
num_isFinite(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc, jsval *argv, jsval *rval)
{
    jsdouble x;

    if (!js_ValueToNumber(cx, argv[0], &x))
        return JS_FALSE;
    *rval = BOOLEAN_TO_JSVAL(JSDOUBLE_IS_FINITE(x));
    return JS_TRUE;
}

static JSBool
num_parseFloat(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc, jsval *argv, jsval *rval)
{
    JSString *str;
    jsdouble d;
    const jschar *bp, *ep;

    str = js_ValueToString(cx, argv[0]);
    if (!str)
        return JS_FALSE;
    /* XXXbe js_strtod shouldn't require NUL termination */
    bp = js_UndependString(cx, str);
    if (!bp)
        return JS_FALSE;
    if (!js_strtod(cx, bp, &ep, &d))
        return JS_FALSE;
    if (ep == bp) {
        *rval = DOUBLE_TO_JSVAL(cx->runtime->jsNaN);
        return JS_TRUE;
    }
    return js_NewNumberValue(cx, d, rval);
}

/* See ECMA 15.1.2.2. */
static JSBool
num_parseInt(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc, jsval *argv, jsval *rval)
{
    jsint radix;
    JSString *str;
    jsdouble d;
    const jschar *bp, *ep;

    if (argc > 1) {
        if (!js_ValueToECMAInt32(cx, argv[1], &radix))
            return JS_FALSE;
    } else {
        radix = 0;
    }
    if (radix != 0 && (radix < 2 || radix > 36)) {
        *rval = DOUBLE_TO_JSVAL(cx->runtime->jsNaN);
        return JS_TRUE;
    }

    str = js_ValueToString(cx, argv[0]);
    if (!str)
        return JS_FALSE;
    /* XXXbe js_strtointeger shouldn't require NUL termination */
    bp = js_UndependString(cx, str);
    if (!bp)
        return JS_FALSE;
    if (!js_strtointeger(cx, bp, &ep, radix, &d))
        return JS_FALSE;
    if (ep == bp) {
        *rval = DOUBLE_TO_JSVAL(cx->runtime->jsNaN);
        return JS_TRUE;
    }
    return js_NewNumberValue(cx, d, rval);
}

const char js_Infinity_str[]   = "Infinity";
const char js_NaN_str[]        = "NaN";
const char js_isNaN_str[]      = "isNaN";
const char js_isFinite_str[]   = "isFinite";
const char js_parseFloat_str[] = "parseFloat";
const char js_parseInt_str[]   = "parseInt";

static JSFunctionSpec number_functions[] = {
    {"isNaN",           num_isNaN,              1,0,0},
    {"isFinite",        num_isFinite,           1,0,0},
    {"parseFloat",      num_parseFloat,         1,0,0},
    {"parseInt",        num_parseInt,           2,0,0},
    {0,0,0,0,0}
};

JSClass js_NumberClass = {
    "Number",
    JSCLASS_HAS_PRIVATE,
    JS_PropertyStub,  JS_PropertyStub,  JS_PropertyStub,  JS_PropertyStub,
    JS_EnumerateStub, JS_ResolveStub,   JS_ConvertStub,   JS_FinalizeStub,
    JSCLASS_NO_OPTIONAL_MEMBERS
};

static JSBool
Number(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc, jsval *argv, jsval *rval)
{
    jsdouble d;
    jsval v;

    if (argc != 0) {
        if (!js_ValueToNumber(cx, argv[0], &d))
            return JS_FALSE;
    } else {
        d = 0.0;
    }
    if (!js_NewNumberValue(cx, d, &v))
        return JS_FALSE;
    if (!(cx->fp->flags & JSFRAME_CONSTRUCTING)) {
        *rval = v;
        return JS_TRUE;
    }
    OBJ_SET_SLOT(cx, obj, JSSLOT_PRIVATE, v);
    return JS_TRUE;
}

#if JS_HAS_TOSOURCE
static JSBool
num_toSource(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc, jsval *argv, jsval *rval)
{
    jsval v;
    jsdouble d;
    char numBuf[DTOSTR_STANDARD_BUFFER_SIZE], *numStr;
    char buf[64];
    JSString *str;

    if (!JS_InstanceOf(cx, obj, &js_NumberClass, argv))
        return JS_FALSE;
    v = OBJ_GET_SLOT(cx, obj, JSSLOT_PRIVATE);
    JS_ASSERT(JSVAL_IS_NUMBER(v));
    d = JSVAL_IS_INT(v) ? (jsdouble)JSVAL_TO_INT(v) : *JSVAL_TO_DOUBLE(v);
    numStr = JS_dtostr(numBuf, sizeof numBuf, DTOSTR_STANDARD, 0, d);
    if (!numStr) {
        JS_ReportOutOfMemory(cx);
        return JS_FALSE;
    }
    JS_snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "(new %s(%s))", js_NumberClass.name, numStr);
    str = JS_NewStringCopyZ(cx, buf);
    if (!str)
        return JS_FALSE;
    *rval = STRING_TO_JSVAL(str);
    return JS_TRUE;
}
#endif

/* The buf must be big enough for MIN_INT to fit including '-' and '\0'. */
static char *
IntToString(jsint i, char *buf, size_t bufSize)
{
    char *cp;
    jsuint u;

    u = (i < 0) ? -i : i;

    cp = buf + bufSize; /* one past last buffer cell */
    *--cp = '\0';       /* null terminate the string to be */

    /*
     * Build the string from behind. We use multiply and subtraction
     * instead of modulus because that's much faster.
     */
    do {
        jsuint newu = u / 10;
        *--cp = (char)(u - newu * 10) + '0';
        u = newu;
    } while (u != 0);

    if (i < 0)
        *--cp = '-';

    return cp;
}

static JSBool
num_toString(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc, jsval *argv, jsval *rval)
{
    jsval v;
    jsdouble d;
    jsint base;
    JSString *str;

    if (!JS_InstanceOf(cx, obj, &js_NumberClass, argv))
        return JS_FALSE;
    v = OBJ_GET_SLOT(cx, obj, JSSLOT_PRIVATE);
    JS_ASSERT(JSVAL_IS_NUMBER(v));
    d = JSVAL_IS_INT(v) ? (jsdouble)JSVAL_TO_INT(v) : *JSVAL_TO_DOUBLE(v);
    base = 10;
    if (argc != 0) {
        if (!js_ValueToECMAInt32(cx, argv[0], &base))
            return JS_FALSE;
        if (base < 2 || base > 36) {
            char numBuf[12];
            char *numStr = IntToString(base, numBuf, sizeof numBuf);
            JS_ReportErrorNumber(cx, js_GetErrorMessage, NULL, JSMSG_BAD_RADIX,
                                 numStr);
            return JS_FALSE;
        }
    }
    if (base == 10)
        str = js_NumberToString(cx, d);
    else {
        char *dStr = JS_dtobasestr(base, d);
        if (!dStr) {
            JS_ReportOutOfMemory(cx);
            return JS_FALSE;
        }
        str = JS_NewStringCopyZ(cx, dStr);
        free(dStr);
    }
    if (!str)
        return JS_FALSE;
    *rval = STRING_TO_JSVAL(str);
    return JS_TRUE;
}

static JSBool
num_toLocaleString(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc,
                   jsval *argv, jsval *rval)
{
    char thousandsLength, decimalLength;
    const char *numGrouping, *tmpGroup;
    JSRuntime *rt;
    JSString *numStr, *str;
    char *num, *buf, *dec, *end, *tmpSrc, *tmpDest;
    int digits, size, remainder, nrepeat;

    /*
     * Create the string, move back to bytes to make string twiddling
     * a bit easier and so we can insert platform charset seperators.
     */
    if (!num_toString(cx, obj, 0, argv, rval))
        return JS_FALSE;
    JS_ASSERT(JSVAL_IS_STRING(*rval));
    numStr = JSVAL_TO_STRING(*rval);
    num = js_GetStringBytes(numStr);

    /* Find bit before the decimal. */
    dec = strchr(num, '.');
    digits = dec ? dec - num : (int)strlen(num);
    end = num + digits;

    rt = cx->runtime;
    thousandsLength = strlen(rt->thousandsSeparator);
    decimalLength = strlen(rt->decimalSeparator);

    /* Figure out how long resulting string will be. */
    size = digits + (dec ? decimalLength + strlen(dec + 1) : 0);

    numGrouping = tmpGroup = rt->numGrouping;
    remainder = digits;
    if (*num == '-')
        remainder--;

    while (*tmpGroup != CHAR_MAX && *tmpGroup != '\0') {
        if (*tmpGroup >= remainder)
            break;
        size += thousandsLength;
        remainder -= *tmpGroup;
        tmpGroup++;
    }
    if (*tmpGroup == '\0' && *numGrouping != '\0') {
        nrepeat = (remainder - 1) / tmpGroup[-1];
        size += thousandsLength * nrepeat;
        remainder -= nrepeat * tmpGroup[-1];
    } else {
        nrepeat = 0;
    }
    tmpGroup--;

    buf = (char *)JS_malloc(cx, size + 1);
    if (!buf)
        return JS_FALSE;

    tmpDest = buf;
    tmpSrc = num;

    while (*tmpSrc == '-' || remainder--)
        *tmpDest++ = *tmpSrc++;
    while (tmpSrc < end) {
        strcpy(tmpDest, rt->thousandsSeparator);
        tmpDest += thousandsLength;
        memcpy(tmpDest, tmpSrc, *tmpGroup);
        tmpDest += *tmpGroup;
        tmpSrc += *tmpGroup;
        if (--nrepeat < 0)
            tmpGroup--;
    }

    if (dec) {
        strcpy(tmpDest, rt->decimalSeparator);
        tmpDest += decimalLength;
        strcpy(tmpDest, dec + 1);
    } else {
        *tmpDest++ = '\0';
    }

    str = JS_NewString(cx, buf, size);
    if (!str) {
        JS_free(cx, buf);
        return JS_FALSE;
    }

    *rval = STRING_TO_JSVAL(str);

    return JS_TRUE;
}

static JSBool
num_valueOf(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc, jsval *argv, jsval *rval)
{
    if (!JS_InstanceOf(cx, obj, &js_NumberClass, argv))
        return JS_FALSE;
    *rval = OBJ_GET_SLOT(cx, obj, JSSLOT_PRIVATE);
    return JS_TRUE;
}


#if JS_HAS_NUMBER_FORMATS
#define MAX_PRECISION 100

static JSBool
num_to(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc, jsval *argv, jsval *rval, JSDToStrMode zeroArgMode,
       JSDToStrMode oneArgMode, jsint precisionMin, jsint precisionMax, jsint precisionOffset)
{
    jsval v;
    jsdouble d, precision;
    JSString *str;
    char buf[DTOSTR_VARIABLE_BUFFER_SIZE(MAX_PRECISION+1)], *numStr; /* Use MAX_PRECISION+1 because precisionOffset can be 1 */

    if (!JS_InstanceOf(cx, obj, &js_NumberClass, argv))
        return JS_FALSE;
    v = OBJ_GET_SLOT(cx, obj, JSSLOT_PRIVATE);
    JS_ASSERT(JSVAL_IS_NUMBER(v));
    d = JSVAL_IS_INT(v) ? (jsdouble)JSVAL_TO_INT(v) : *JSVAL_TO_DOUBLE(v);

    if (JSVAL_IS_VOID(argv[0])) {
        precision = 0.0;
        oneArgMode = zeroArgMode;
    } else {
        if (!js_ValueToNumber(cx, argv[0], &precision))
            return JS_FALSE;
        precision = js_DoubleToInteger(precision);
        if (precision < precisionMin || precision > precisionMax) {
            numStr = JS_dtostr(buf, sizeof buf, DTOSTR_STANDARD, 0, precision);
            if (!numStr)
                JS_ReportOutOfMemory(cx);
            else
                JS_ReportErrorNumber(cx, js_GetErrorMessage, NULL, JSMSG_PRECISION_RANGE, numStr);
            return JS_FALSE;
        }
    }

    numStr = JS_dtostr(buf, sizeof buf, oneArgMode, (jsint)precision + precisionOffset, d);
    if (!numStr) {
        JS_ReportOutOfMemory(cx);
        return JS_FALSE;
    }
    str = JS_NewStringCopyZ(cx, numStr);
    if (!str)
        return JS_FALSE;
    *rval = STRING_TO_JSVAL(str);
    return JS_TRUE;
}

static JSBool
num_toFixed(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc, jsval *argv, jsval *rval)
{
    /* We allow a larger range of precision than ECMA requires; this is permitted by ECMA. */
    return num_to(cx, obj, argc, argv, rval, DTOSTR_FIXED, DTOSTR_FIXED, -20, MAX_PRECISION, 0);
}

static JSBool
num_toExponential(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc, jsval *argv, jsval *rval)
{
    /* We allow a larger range of precision than ECMA requires; this is permitted by ECMA. */
    return num_to(cx, obj, argc, argv, rval, DTOSTR_STANDARD_EXPONENTIAL, DTOSTR_EXPONENTIAL, 0, MAX_PRECISION, 1);
}

static JSBool
num_toPrecision(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj, uintN argc, jsval *argv, jsval *rval)
{
    /* We allow a larger range of precision than ECMA requires; this is permitted by ECMA. */
    return num_to(cx, obj, argc, argv, rval, DTOSTR_STANDARD, DTOSTR_PRECISION, 1, MAX_PRECISION, 0);
}
#endif /* JS_HAS_NUMBER_FORMATS */


static JSFunctionSpec number_methods[] = {
#if JS_HAS_TOSOURCE
    {js_toSource_str,       num_toSource,       0,0,0},
#endif
    {js_toString_str,       num_toString,       0,0,0},
    {js_toLocaleString_str, num_toLocaleString, 0,0,0},
    {js_valueOf_str,        num_valueOf,        0,0,0},
#if JS_HAS_NUMBER_FORMATS
    {"toFixed",             num_toFixed,        1,0,0},
    {"toExponential",       num_toExponential,  1,0,0},
    {"toPrecision",         num_toPrecision,    1,0,0},
#endif
    {0,0,0,0,0}
};

/* NB: Keep this in synch with number_constants[]. */
enum nc_slot {
    NC_NaN,
    NC_POSITIVE_INFINITY,
    NC_NEGATIVE_INFINITY,
    NC_MAX_VALUE,
    NC_MIN_VALUE,
    NC_LIMIT
};

/*
 * Some to most C compilers forbid spelling these at compile time, or barf
 * if you try, so all but MAX_VALUE are set up by js_InitRuntimeNumberState
 * using union jsdpun.
 */
static JSConstDoubleSpec number_constants[] = {
    {0,                         js_NaN_str,          0,{0,0,0}},
    {0,                         "POSITIVE_INFINITY", 0,{0,0,0}},
    {0,                         "NEGATIVE_INFINITY", 0,{0,0,0}},
    {1.7976931348623157E+308,   "MAX_VALUE",         0,{0,0,0}},
    {0,                         "MIN_VALUE",         0,{0,0,0}},
    {0,0,0,{0,0,0}}
};

static jsdouble NaN;


#if (defined XP_WIN || defined XP_OS2) &&                                     \
    !defined WINCE &&                                                         \
    !defined __MWERKS__ &&                                                    \
    (defined _M_IX86 ||                                                       \
     (defined __GNUC__ && !defined __MINGW32__))

/*
 * Set the exception mask to mask all exceptions and set the FPU precision
 * to 53 bit mantissa.
 * On Alpha platform this is handled via Compiler option.
 */
#define FIX_FPU() _control87(MCW_EM | PC_53, MCW_EM | MCW_PC)

#else

#define FIX_FPU() ((void)0)

#endif

JSBool
js_InitRuntimeNumberState(JSContext *cx)
{
    JSRuntime *rt;
    jsdpun u;
    struct lconv *locale;

    rt = cx->runtime;
    JS_ASSERT(!rt->jsNaN);

    FIX_FPU();

    u.s.hi = JSDOUBLE_HI32_EXPMASK | JSDOUBLE_HI32_MANTMASK;
    u.s.lo = 0xffffffff;
    number_constants[NC_NaN].dval = NaN = u.d;
    rt->jsNaN = js_NewDouble(cx, NaN, GCF_LOCK);
    if (!rt->jsNaN)
        return JS_FALSE;

    u.s.hi = JSDOUBLE_HI32_EXPMASK;
    u.s.lo = 0x00000000;
    number_constants[NC_POSITIVE_INFINITY].dval = u.d;
    rt->jsPositiveInfinity = js_NewDouble(cx, u.d, GCF_LOCK);
    if (!rt->jsPositiveInfinity)
        return JS_FALSE;

    u.s.hi = JSDOUBLE_HI32_SIGNBIT | JSDOUBLE_HI32_EXPMASK;
    u.s.lo = 0x00000000;
    number_constants[NC_NEGATIVE_INFINITY].dval = u.d;
    rt->jsNegativeInfinity = js_NewDouble(cx, u.d, GCF_LOCK);
    if (!rt->jsNegativeInfinity)
        return JS_FALSE;

    u.s.hi = 0;
    u.s.lo = 1;
    number_constants[NC_MIN_VALUE].dval = u.d;

    locale = localeconv();
    rt->thousandsSeparator =
        JS_strdup(cx, locale->thousands_sep ? locale->thousands_sep : "'");
    rt->decimalSeparator =
        JS_strdup(cx, locale->decimal_point ? locale->decimal_point : ".");
    rt->numGrouping =
        JS_strdup(cx, locale->grouping ? locale->grouping : "\3\0");

    return rt->thousandsSeparator && rt->decimalSeparator && rt->numGrouping;
}

void
js_FinishRuntimeNumberState(JSContext *cx)
{
    JSRuntime *rt = cx->runtime;

    js_UnlockGCThingRT(rt, rt->jsNaN);
    js_UnlockGCThingRT(rt, rt->jsNegativeInfinity);
    js_UnlockGCThingRT(rt, rt->jsPositiveInfinity);

    rt->jsNaN = NULL;
    rt->jsNegativeInfinity = NULL;
    rt->jsPositiveInfinity = NULL;

    JS_free(cx, (void *)rt->thousandsSeparator);
    JS_free(cx, (void *)rt->decimalSeparator);
    JS_free(cx, (void *)rt->numGrouping);
    rt->thousandsSeparator = rt->decimalSeparator = rt->numGrouping = NULL;
}

JSObject *
js_InitNumberClass(JSContext *cx, JSObject *obj)
{
    JSObject *proto, *ctor;
    JSRuntime *rt;

    /* XXX must do at least once per new thread, so do it per JSContext... */
    FIX_FPU();

    if (!JS_DefineFunctions(cx, obj, number_functions))
        return NULL;

    proto = JS_InitClass(cx, obj, NULL, &js_NumberClass, Number, 1,
                         NULL, number_methods, NULL, NULL);
    if (!proto || !(ctor = JS_GetConstructor(cx, proto)))
        return NULL;
    OBJ_SET_SLOT(cx, proto, JSSLOT_PRIVATE, JSVAL_ZERO);
    if (!JS_DefineConstDoubles(cx, ctor, number_constants))
        return NULL;

    /* ECMA 15.1.1.1 */
    rt = cx->runtime;
    if (!JS_DefineProperty(cx, obj, js_NaN_str, DOUBLE_TO_JSVAL(rt->jsNaN),
                           NULL, NULL, JSPROP_PERMANENT)) {
        return NULL;
    }

    /* ECMA 15.1.1.2 */
    if (!JS_DefineProperty(cx, obj, js_Infinity_str,
                           DOUBLE_TO_JSVAL(rt->jsPositiveInfinity),
                           NULL, NULL, JSPROP_PERMANENT)) {
        return NULL;
    }
    return proto;
}

jsdouble *
js_NewDouble(JSContext *cx, jsdouble d, uintN gcflag)
{
    jsdouble *dp;

    dp = (jsdouble *) js_NewGCThing(cx, gcflag | GCX_DOUBLE, sizeof(jsdouble));
    if (!dp)
        return NULL;
    *dp = d;
    return dp;
}

void
js_FinalizeDouble(JSContext *cx, jsdouble *dp)
{
    *dp = NaN;
}

JSBool
js_NewDoubleValue(JSContext *cx, jsdouble d, jsval *rval)
{
    jsdouble *dp;

    dp = js_NewDouble(cx, d, 0);
    if (!dp)
        return JS_FALSE;
    *rval = DOUBLE_TO_JSVAL(dp);
    return JS_TRUE;
}

JSBool
js_NewNumberValue(JSContext *cx, jsdouble d, jsval *rval)
{
    jsint i;

    if (JSDOUBLE_IS_INT(d, i) && INT_FITS_IN_JSVAL(i)) {
        *rval = INT_TO_JSVAL(i);
    } else {
        if (!js_NewDoubleValue(cx, d, rval))
            return JS_FALSE;
    }
    return JS_TRUE;
}

JSObject *
js_NumberToObject(JSContext *cx, jsdouble d)
{
    JSObject *obj;
    jsval v;

    obj = js_NewObject(cx, &js_NumberClass, NULL, NULL);
    if (!obj)
        return NULL;
    if (!js_NewNumberValue(cx, d, &v)) {
        cx->weakRoots.newborn[GCX_OBJECT] = NULL;
        return NULL;
    }
    OBJ_SET_SLOT(cx, obj, JSSLOT_PRIVATE, v);
    return obj;
}

JSString *
js_NumberToString(JSContext *cx, jsdouble d)
{
    jsint i;
    char buf[DTOSTR_STANDARD_BUFFER_SIZE];
    char *numStr;

    if (JSDOUBLE_IS_INT(d, i))
        numStr = IntToString(i, buf, sizeof buf);
    else {
        numStr = JS_dtostr(buf, sizeof buf, DTOSTR_STANDARD, 0, d);
        if (!numStr) {
            JS_ReportOutOfMemory(cx);
            return NULL;
        }
    }
    return JS_NewStringCopyZ(cx, numStr);
}

JSBool
js_ValueToNumber(JSContext *cx, jsval v, jsdouble *dp)
{
    JSObject *obj;
    JSString *str;
    const jschar *bp, *ep;

    if (JSVAL_IS_OBJECT(v)) {
        obj = JSVAL_TO_OBJECT(v);
        if (!obj) {
            *dp = 0;
            return JS_TRUE;
        }
        if (!OBJ_DEFAULT_VALUE(cx, obj, JSTYPE_NUMBER, &v))
            return JS_FALSE;
    }
    if (JSVAL_IS_INT(v)) {
        *dp = (jsdouble)JSVAL_TO_INT(v);
    } else if (JSVAL_IS_DOUBLE(v)) {
        *dp = *JSVAL_TO_DOUBLE(v);
    } else if (JSVAL_IS_STRING(v)) {
        str = JSVAL_TO_STRING(v);
        /*
         * Note that ECMA doesn't treat a string beginning with a '0' as an
         * octal number here.  This works because all such numbers will be
         * interpreted as decimal by js_strtod and will never get passed to
         * js_strtointeger (which would interpret them as octal).
         */
        /* XXXbe js_strtod shouldn't require NUL termination */
        bp = js_UndependString(cx, str);
        if (!bp)
            return JS_FALSE;
        if ((!js_strtod(cx, bp, &ep, dp) ||
             js_SkipWhiteSpace(ep) != bp + str->length) &&
            (!js_strtointeger(cx, bp, &ep, 0, dp) ||
             js_SkipWhiteSpace(ep) != bp + str->length)) {
            goto badstr;
        }
    } else if (JSVAL_IS_BOOLEAN(v)) {
        *dp = JSVAL_TO_BOOLEAN(v) ? 1 : 0;
    } else {
#if JS_BUG_FALLIBLE_TONUM
        str = js_DecompileValueGenerator(cx, JSDVG_SEARCH_STACK, v, NULL);
badstr:
        if (str) {
            JS_ReportErrorNumber(cx, js_GetErrorMessage, NULL, JSMSG_NAN,
                                 JS_GetStringBytes(str));

        }
        return JS_FALSE;
#else
badstr:
        *dp = *cx->runtime->jsNaN;
#endif
    }
    return JS_TRUE;
}

JSBool
js_ValueToECMAInt32(JSContext *cx, jsval v, int32 *ip)
{
    jsdouble d;

    if (!js_ValueToNumber(cx, v, &d))
        return JS_FALSE;
    return js_DoubleToECMAInt32(cx, d, ip);
}

JSBool
js_DoubleToECMAInt32(JSContext *cx, jsdouble d, int32 *ip)
{
    jsdouble two32 = 4294967296.0;
    jsdouble two31 = 2147483648.0;

    if (!JSDOUBLE_IS_FINITE(d) || d == 0) {
        *ip = 0;
        return JS_TRUE;
    }
    d = fmod(d, two32);
    d = (d >= 0) ? floor(d) : ceil(d) + two32;
    if (d >= two31)
        *ip = (int32)(d - two32);
    else
        *ip = (int32)d;
    return JS_TRUE;
}

JSBool
js_ValueToECMAUint32(JSContext *cx, jsval v, uint32 *ip)
{
    jsdouble d;

    if (!js_ValueToNumber(cx, v, &d))
        return JS_FALSE;
    return js_DoubleToECMAUint32(cx, d, ip);
}

JSBool
js_DoubleToECMAUint32(JSContext *cx, jsdouble d, uint32 *ip)
{
    JSBool neg;
    jsdouble two32 = 4294967296.0;

    if (!JSDOUBLE_IS_FINITE(d) || d == 0) {
        *ip = 0;
        return JS_TRUE;
    }

    neg = (d < 0);
    d = floor(neg ? -d : d);
    d = neg ? -d : d;

    d = fmod(d, two32);

    d = (d >= 0) ? d : d + two32;
    *ip = (uint32)d;
    return JS_TRUE;
}

JSBool
js_ValueToInt32(JSContext *cx, jsval v, int32 *ip)
{
    jsdouble d;
    JSString *str;

    if (JSVAL_IS_INT(v)) {
        *ip = JSVAL_TO_INT(v);
        return JS_TRUE;
    }
    if (!js_ValueToNumber(cx, v, &d))
        return JS_FALSE;
    if (JSDOUBLE_IS_NaN(d) || d <= -2147483649.0 || 2147483648.0 <= d) {
        str = js_DecompileValueGenerator(cx, JSDVG_SEARCH_STACK, v, NULL);
        if (str) {
            JS_ReportErrorNumber(cx, js_GetErrorMessage, NULL,
                                 JSMSG_CANT_CONVERT, JS_GetStringBytes(str));

        }
        return JS_FALSE;
    }
    *ip = (int32)floor(d + 0.5);     /* Round to nearest */
    return JS_TRUE;
}

JSBool
js_ValueToUint16(JSContext *cx, jsval v, uint16 *ip)
{
    jsdouble d;
    jsuint i, m;
    JSBool neg;

    if (!js_ValueToNumber(cx, v, &d))
        return JS_FALSE;
    if (d == 0 || !JSDOUBLE_IS_FINITE(d)) {
        *ip = 0;
        return JS_TRUE;
    }
    i = (jsuint)d;
    if ((jsdouble)i == d) {
        *ip = (uint16)i;
        return JS_TRUE;
    }
    neg = (d < 0);
    d = floor(neg ? -d : d);
    d = neg ? -d : d;
    m = JS_BIT(16);
    d = fmod(d, (double)m);
    if (d < 0)
        d += m;
    *ip = (uint16) d;
    return JS_TRUE;
}

jsdouble
js_DoubleToInteger(jsdouble d)
{
    JSBool neg;

    if (d == 0)
        return d;
    if (!JSDOUBLE_IS_FINITE(d)) {
        if (JSDOUBLE_IS_NaN(d))
            return 0;
        return d;
    }
    neg = (d < 0);
    d = floor(neg ? -d : d);
    return neg ? -d : d;
}


JSBool
js_strtod(JSContext *cx, const jschar *s, const jschar **ep, jsdouble *dp)
{
    char cbuf[32];
    size_t i;
    char *cstr, *istr, *estr;
    JSBool negative;
    jsdouble d;
    const jschar *s1 = js_SkipWhiteSpace(s);
    size_t length = js_strlen(s1);

    /* Use cbuf to avoid malloc */
    if (length >= sizeof cbuf) {
        cstr = (char *) JS_malloc(cx, length + 1);
        if (!cstr)
           return JS_FALSE;
    } else {
        cstr = cbuf;
    }

    for (i = 0; i <= length; i++) {
        if (s1[i] >> 8) {
            cstr[i] = 0;
            break;
        }
        cstr[i] = (char)s1[i];
    }

    istr = cstr;
    if ((negative = (*istr == '-')) != 0 || *istr == '+')
        istr++;
    if (!strncmp(istr, js_Infinity_str, sizeof js_Infinity_str - 1)) {
        d = *(negative ? cx->runtime->jsNegativeInfinity : cx->runtime->jsPositiveInfinity);
        estr = istr + 8;
    } else {
        int err;
        d = JS_strtod(cstr, &estr, &err);
        if (err == JS_DTOA_ENOMEM) {
            JS_ReportOutOfMemory(cx);
            if (cstr != cbuf)
                JS_free(cx, cstr);
            return JS_FALSE;
        }
        if (err == JS_DTOA_ERANGE) {
            if (d == HUGE_VAL)
                d = *cx->runtime->jsPositiveInfinity;
            else if (d == -HUGE_VAL)
                d = *cx->runtime->jsNegativeInfinity;
        }
#ifdef HPUX
        if (d == 0.0 && negative) {
            /*
             * "-0", "-1e-2000" come out as positive zero
             * here on HPUX. Force a negative zero instead.
             */
            JSDOUBLE_HI32(d) = JSDOUBLE_HI32_SIGNBIT;
            JSDOUBLE_LO32(d) = 0;
        }
#endif
    }

    i = estr - cstr;
    if (cstr != cbuf)
        JS_free(cx, cstr);
    *ep = i ? s1 + i : s;
    *dp = d;
    return JS_TRUE;
}

struct BinaryDigitReader
{
    uintN base;                 /* Base of number; must be a power of 2 */
    uintN digit;                /* Current digit value in radix given by base */
    uintN digitMask;            /* Mask to extract the next bit from digit */
    const jschar *digits;       /* Pointer to the remaining digits */
    const jschar *end;          /* Pointer to first non-digit */
};

/* Return the next binary digit from the number or -1 if done */
static intN GetNextBinaryDigit(struct BinaryDigitReader *bdr)
{
    intN bit;

    if (bdr->digitMask == 0) {
        uintN c;

        if (bdr->digits == bdr->end)
            return -1;

        c = *bdr->digits++;
        if ('0' <= c && c <= '9')
            bdr->digit = c - '0';
        else if ('a' <= c && c <= 'z')
            bdr->digit = c - 'a' + 10;
        else bdr->digit = c - 'A' + 10;
        bdr->digitMask = bdr->base >> 1;
    }
    bit = (bdr->digit & bdr->digitMask) != 0;
    bdr->digitMask >>= 1;
    return bit;
}

JSBool
js_strtointeger(JSContext *cx, const jschar *s, const jschar **ep, jsint base, jsdouble *dp)
{
    JSBool negative;
    jsdouble value;
    const jschar *start;
    const jschar *s1 = js_SkipWhiteSpace(s);

    if ((negative = (*s1 == '-')) != 0 || *s1 == '+')
        s1++;

    if (base == 0) {
        /* No base supplied, or some base that evaluated to 0. */
        if (*s1 == '0') {
            /* It's either hex or octal; only increment char if str isn't '0' */
            if (s1[1] == 'X' || s1[1] == 'x') { /* Hex */
                s1 += 2;
                base = 16;
            } else {    /* Octal */
                base = 8;
            }
        } else {
            base = 10; /* Default to decimal. */
        }
    } else if (base == 16 && *s1 == '0' && (s1[1] == 'X' || s1[1] == 'x')) {
        /* If base is 16, ignore hex prefix. */
        s1 += 2;
    }

    /*
     * Done with the preliminaries; find some prefix of the string that's
     * a number in the given base.
     */
    start = s1; /* Mark - if string is empty, we return NaN. */
    value = 0.0;
    for (;;) {
        uintN digit;
        jschar c = *s1;
        if ('0' <= c && c <= '9')
            digit = c - '0';
        else if ('a' <= c && c <= 'z')
            digit = c - 'a' + 10;
        else if ('A' <= c && c <= 'Z')
            digit = c - 'A' + 10;
        else
            break;
        if (digit >= (uintN)base)
            break;
        value = value * base + digit;
        s1++;
    }

    if (value >= 9007199254740992.0) {
        if (base == 10) {
            /*
             * If we're accumulating a decimal number and the number is >=
             * 2^53, then the result from the repeated multiply-add above may
             * be inaccurate.  Call JS_strtod to get the correct answer.
             */
            size_t i;
            size_t length = s1 - start;
            char *cstr = (char *) JS_malloc(cx, length + 1);
            char *estr;
            int err=0;

            if (!cstr)
                return JS_FALSE;
            for (i = 0; i != length; i++)
                cstr[i] = (char)start[i];
            cstr[length] = 0;

            value = JS_strtod(cstr, &estr, &err);
            if (err == JS_DTOA_ENOMEM) {
                JS_ReportOutOfMemory(cx);
                JS_free(cx, cstr);
                return JS_FALSE;
            }
            if (err == JS_DTOA_ERANGE && value == HUGE_VAL)
                value = *cx->runtime->jsPositiveInfinity;
            JS_free(cx, cstr);
        } else if ((base & (base - 1)) == 0) {
            /*
             * The number may also be inaccurate for power-of-two bases.  This
             * happens if the addition in value * base + digit causes a round-
             * down to an even least significant mantissa bit when the first
             * dropped bit is a one.  If any of the following digits in the
             * number (which haven't been added in yet) are nonzero, then the
             * correct action would have been to round up instead of down.  An
             * example occurs when reading the number 0x1000000000000081, which
             * rounds to 0x1000000000000000 instead of 0x1000000000000100.
             */
            struct BinaryDigitReader bdr;
            intN bit, bit2;
            intN j;

            bdr.base = base;
            bdr.digitMask = 0;
            bdr.digits = start;
            bdr.end = s1;
            value = 0.0;

            /* Skip leading zeros. */
            do {
                bit = GetNextBinaryDigit(&bdr);
            } while (bit == 0);

            if (bit == 1) {
                /* Gather the 53 significant bits (including the leading 1) */
                value = 1.0;
                for (j = 52; j; j--) {
                    bit = GetNextBinaryDigit(&bdr);
                    if (bit < 0)
                        goto done;
                    value = value*2 + bit;
                }
                /* bit2 is the 54th bit (the first dropped from the mantissa) */
                bit2 = GetNextBinaryDigit(&bdr);
                if (bit2 >= 0) {
                    jsdouble factor = 2.0;
                    intN sticky = 0;  /* sticky is 1 if any bit beyond the 54th is 1 */
                    intN bit3;

                    while ((bit3 = GetNextBinaryDigit(&bdr)) >= 0) {
                        sticky |= bit3;
                        factor *= 2;
                    }
                    value += bit2 & (bit | sticky);
                    value *= factor;
                }
              done:;
            }
        }
    }
    /* We don't worry about inaccurate numbers for any other base. */

    if (s1 == start) {
        *dp = 0.0;
        *ep = s;
    } else {
        *dp = negative ? -value : value;
        *ep = s1;
    }
    return JS_TRUE;
}

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