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#include "nsISupports.idl"

interface nsIURI;
interface nsIChannel;

 * nsIProtocolHandler
 * @status FROZEN
[scriptable, uuid(15fd6940-8ea7-11d3-93ad-00104ba0fd40)]
00049 interface nsIProtocolHandler : nsISupports
     * The scheme of this protocol (e.g., "file").
00054     readonly attribute ACString scheme;

     * The default port is the port that this protocol normally uses.
     * If a port does not make sense for the protocol (e.g., "about:")
     * then -1 will be returned.
00061     readonly attribute long defaultPort;

     * Returns the protocol specific flags (see flag definitions below).  
00066     readonly attribute unsigned long protocolFlags;

     * Makes a URI object that is suitable for loading by this protocol,
     * where the URI string is given as an UTF-8 string.  The caller may
     * provide the charset from which the URI string originated, so that
     * the URI string can be translated back to that charset (if necessary)
     * before communicating with, for example, the origin server of the URI
     * string.  (Many servers do not support UTF-8 IRIs at the present time,
     * so we must be careful about tracking the native charset of the origin
     * server.)
     * @param aSpec          - the URI string in UTF-8 encoding. depending
     *                         on the protocol implementation, unicode character
     *                         sequences may or may not be %xx escaped.
     * @param aOriginCharset - the charset of the document from which this URI
     *                         string originated.  this corresponds to the
     *                         charset that should be used when communicating
     *                         this URI to an origin server, for example.  if
     *                         null, then UTF-8 encoding is assumed (i.e.,
     *                         no charset transformation from aSpec).
     * @param aBaseURI       - if null, aSpec must specify an absolute URI.
     *                         otherwise, aSpec may be resolved relative
     *                         to aBaseURI, depending on the protocol. 
     *                         If the protocol has no concept of relative 
     *                         URI aBaseURI will simply be ignored.
    nsIURI newURI(in AUTF8String aSpec,
                  in string aOriginCharset,
                  in nsIURI aBaseURI);

     * Constructs a new channel from the given URI for this protocol handler. 
    nsIChannel newChannel(in nsIURI aURI);

     * Allows a protocol to override blacklisted ports.
     * This method will be called when there is an attempt to connect to a port 
     * that is blacklisted.  For example, for most protocols, port 25 (Simple Mail
     * Transfer) is banned.  When a URI containing this "known-to-do-bad-things" 
     * port number is encountered, this function will be called to ask if the 
     * protocol handler wants to override the ban.  
    boolean allowPort(in long port, in string scheme);

     * Constants for the protocol flags (the first is the default mask, the
     * others are deviations):
     * NOTE: Implementation must ignore any flags they do not understand.

     * standard full URI with authority component and concept of relative
     * URIs (http, ftp, ...)
00125     const unsigned long URI_STD = 0;

     * no concept of relative URIs (about, javascript, finger, ...)
00130     const unsigned long URI_NORELATIVE = (1<<0);

     * no authority component (file, ...)
00135     const unsigned long URI_NOAUTH = (1<<1);

     * The URIs for this protocol have no inherent security context, so
     * documents loaded via this protocol should inherit the security context
     * from the document that loads them.
00142     const unsigned long URI_INHERITS_SECURITY_CONTEXT = (1<<4);

     * "Automatic" loads that would replace the document (e.g. <meta> refresh,
     * certain types of XLinks, possibly other loads that the application
     * decides are not user triggered) are not allowed if the originating (NOT
     * the target) URI has this protocol flag.  Note that the decision as to
     * what constitutes an "automatic" load is made externally, by the caller
     * of nsIScriptSecurityManager::CheckLoadURI.  See documentation for that
     * method for more information.
     * A typical protocol that might want to set this flag is a protocol that
     * shows highly untrusted content in a viewing area that the user expects
     * to have a lot of control over, such as an e-mail reader.
00157     const unsigned long URI_FORBIDS_AUTOMATIC_DOCUMENT_REPLACEMENT = (1<<5);

     * +-------------------------------------------------------------------+
     * |                                                                   |
     * |                                                                   |
     * +-------------------------------------------------------------------+
     * These flags are used to determine who is allowed to load URIs for this
     * protocol.  Note that if a URI is nested, only the flags for the
     * innermost URI matter.  See nsINestedURI.
     * If none of these four flags are set, the URI must be treated as if it
     * had the URI_LOADABLE_BY_ANYONE flag set, for compatibility with protocol
     * handlers written against Gecko 1.8 or earlier.  In this case, there may
     * be run-time warning messages indicating that a "default insecure"
     * assumption is being made.  At some point in the futures (Mozilla 2.0,
     * most likely), these warnings will become errors.

     * The URIs for this protocol can be loaded by anyone.  For example, any
     * website should be allowed to trigger a load of a URI for this protocol.
     * Web-safe protocols like "http" should set this flag.
00183     const unsigned long URI_LOADABLE_BY_ANYONE = (1<<6);
     * The URIs for this protocol are UNSAFE if loaded by untrusted (web)
     * content and may only be loaded by privileged code (for example, code
     * which has the system principal).  Various internal protocols should set
     * this flag.
00191     const unsigned long URI_DANGEROUS_TO_LOAD = (1<<7);
     * The URIs for this protocol point to resources that are part of the
     * application's user interface.  There are cases when such resources may
     * be made accessible to untrusted content such as web pages, so this is
     * less restrictive than URI_DANGEROUS_TO_LOAD but more restrictive than
     * URI_LOADABLE_BY_ANYONE.  See the documentation for
     * nsIScriptSecurityManager::CheckLoadURI.
00201     const unsigned long URI_IS_UI_RESOURCE = (1<<8);

     * Loading of URIs for this protocol from other origins should only be
     * allowed if those origins should have access to the local filesystem.
     * It's up to the application to decide what origins should have such
     * access.  Protocols like "file" that point to local data should set this
     * flag.
00210     const unsigned long URI_IS_LOCAL_FILE = (1<<9);

     * Loading channels from this protocol has side-effects that make
     * it unsuitable for saving to a local file.
00216     const unsigned long URI_NON_PERSISTABLE = (1<<10);

     * Channels using this protocol never call OnDataAvailable
     * on the listener passed to AsyncOpen and they therefore
     * do not return any data that we can use.
00223     const unsigned long URI_DOES_NOT_RETURN_DATA = (1<<11);
     * This protocol handler can be proxied via a proxy (socks or http)
     * (e.g., irc, smtp, http, etc.).  If the protocol supports transparent
     * proxying, the handler should implement nsIProxiedProtocolHandler.
     * If it supports only HTTP proxying, then it need not support
     * nsIProxiedProtocolHandler, but should instead set the ALLOWS_PROXY_HTTP
     * flag (see below).
     * @see nsIProxiedProtocolHandler
00236     const unsigned long ALLOWS_PROXY = (1<<2);

     * This protocol handler can be proxied using a http proxy (e.g., http,
     * ftp, etc.).  nsIIOService::newChannelFromURI will feed URIs from this
     * protocol handler to the HTTP protocol handler instead.  This flag is
     * ignored if ALLOWS_PROXY is not set.
00244     const unsigned long ALLOWS_PROXY_HTTP = (1<<3);

 * Protocol handlers are registered with XPCOM under the following CONTRACTID prefix:
#define NS_NETWORK_PROTOCOL_CONTRACTID_PREFIX "@mozilla.org/network/protocol;1?name="
 * For example, "@mozilla.org/network/protocol;1?name=http"

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